Title: History of the Corn Exchange Regiment
Publisher: J. L. Smith, Philadelphia
Date Published: 1888
Keywords: Joshua Chamberlain, Lawrence Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, one hundred and eighteenth pennsylvania volunteers, regiment, civil war
Permissions: public domain
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The History of the Corn Exchange Regiment 118 Pennsylvania

The love this regiment had for Chamberlain is evidenced in that this book starts off with an introductory by Chamberlain.
    This regiment was closely tied to the 20th Maine having joined the First Division of the Fifth Corps at the same time. This regiment however was placed in the First Brigade while the 20th was placed in the 3rd.
    At the start of 1864 this regiment was moved to join the 20th becoming part of the 3rd Brigade. For a brief stint in 1864 Chamberlain commanded the 3rd Brigade while Bartlett was sick, but then after was given command of the First Brigade. pg 435
    On June 18th the 118th got the news that Chamberlain was mortally wounded. "A man of high scholarly attainments, a soldier of great ability, infinite resources and distinguished courage, he had endeared himself to the officers and men of the 118th Pennsylvania from their earliest knowledge of him. His wounds at first believed to be mortal, evoked many expressions of regret at so severe a loss, and the diaries kept at the time so make mention of it." pg 479
    Returning before fully able to walk Chamberlain ended up having to care for his men as much as they had to care for him. The Raid on Weldon Railroad would prove this to be true. Uncovering a local supply of moonshine the boys became so drunk that they wandered away from the division. A hazardous endeavor as stragglers were later found with their throats slit. (See The Story of the 32nd Regiment Mass.) This narrative explains, to protect the drunk men, "General Chamberlain, who had the infantry rear guard at this time, was obliged to make of half his brigade a provost guard to keep our men from running out of the column and being lost or left along the road. The expedition was known for some time as the 'Apple-jack Raid.' pg 543

    Though they take careful note of the movements of Chamberlain's First Brigade, the regiment did not fall under his command again until after the surrender.
"General Griffin and General Gibbon had sent for General Chamberlain on the night of the 11th and informed him that he was to command the parade on the occasion of the surrender of Lee's army. The general then asked for his old command, with which he had been constantly identified until he was detached to command the 1st Brigade at Petersburg, where he was so severely wounded..." pg 594
In Chamberlain's speeches up to this time he had not mentioned being in command of the entire division for the surrender ceremony. Here though, this history states, "General Bartlett, commanding the division, sent the 1st Brigade and also General Gregory's 2nd Brigade, which had served under General Chamberlain during the entire campaign, to take their places in the parade."
    Many years later (circa 1893) Chamberlain would acknowledge this in his speech, The Third Brigade at Appomattox saying, "By the courtesy of General Bartlett the First brigade, which I had so long commanded, and the Second, which had been with me in this last campaign, were sent to me and held part in the parade, being formed on another line across the street and facing us."