Title: The History of the 198 Pennsylvania Regiment
Publisher: MacCrellish & Quigley, Trenton
Date Published: 1884
Author: E. M. Woodward
Keywords: Joshua Chamberlain, Lawrence Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Civil War, battle,
Permissions: public domain
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See document page 13, 29 - 63

The History of the 198 Pennsylvania Regiment
by E. M. Woodward 1884

The account here of Quaker Road adds some confusion to Chamberlain's wounding. In The Passing of the Armies Chamberlain describes one bullet passing through his horse's neck and his left arm before it struck a mirror kept over his heart with such force it knocked him unconscious. The bullet, having been deflected then passed along his left side by his ribs.1
    In this account, on page 37, Chamberlain's horse Charlemagne is wounded later, about the same time Chamberlain recieves another wound to his left arm. It does seem possible that Chamberlain was struck again after joining Sickel; on a scrap of paper listing all his wounds Chamberlain writes, " 1865, March 24, Quaker Road, Left breast & left forearm twice, --painfully." And it could be that the men seeing Chamberlain's horse collapse from blood loss believed he was hit at that time and not earlier.
    Adding more confusion, a correspondent for the New York Times not only records the wounds as occurring separately but on separate days,
"Brevet Major-Gen. J.L. CHAMBERLAIN, formerly Lieutenant-Colonel of the Twentieth Maine, who has defied all the rates and predictions of the surgeons, and still [lives]. He was shot through the groin in the charge on the enemy's works at Petersburgh, June 18, 1864, was brought to the field hospital and told by the surgeon that he must die; nevertheless he lived, and on April 1, 1865, at the battle of Five Forks, he was again struck directly over the heart, but a package of his wife's letters turned the bullet off, and having already passed through his horse's neck, it only tore up the flesh between two of the General's ribs, and, passing out, demolished a pistol in the belt of an aid behind. A day or two after, another bullet passed through his left forearm, but the General never left the field, and will to-morrow ride at the head of his division, as good as new, and the same modest, genial and accomplished gentleman and soldier as ever."2
- page 38 This account gives us a slightly different wording for Sickel's "soul of a lion" quote from The Passing of the Armies. In this account Sickel says "General, you have the courage of the lion, and the gentleness of a woman."
- page 40 is another confirmation of the quote "General Chamberlain, will you save the honor of the Fifth Corps?"
- page 41 Chamberlain, when writing his own account quotes from this book. See White Oak Road
- page 60 describes the formal surrender. " General Chamberlain being designated to preside at the surrender..."