Title: History of the Eighty -Third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers
Author: A. M. Judson
Publisher: B. F. H. Lynn
Date: 1865
Keywords: Joshua Chamberlain, Lawrence Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, 83rd PA, eighty third infantry
Permissions: public domain
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The 83rd Pennsylvania Regiment

Colonel Strong Vincent commanded this regiment before taking command of the Third Brigade in May 1863.
A sad little account is told at the bottom of page 73. The Brigade received word that Vincent had been promoted to Brigadier General for his heroic actions at Gettysburg, but when Captain Graham was sent back to Gettysburg to deliver the news to Vincent, he was informed by Doctor Burchfield that he had died.

For the chapter on Gettysburg see page 66 - 72
    In this account, seeing the impeding flank attack, "Col. Chamberlain had, during the early part of the battle, with commendable prudence, bent his left around at right angles to the rest of the line, so as to protect as much as possible, the rear of the brigade, should the enemy succeed in getting around too far to the left." Even with this accomplished the 83rd reported that "bullets began to come into the rear of the 83rd and the other regiments of the brigade. Capt. Woodward immediately set Leut. Gifford, the acting Adjutant, to Col. Chamberlain, to ascertain in the enemy were turning his left."

    In this account on page 68 Col. Fisher is described as joining in while the 20th was driving the enemy forward. After the battle the publication of a book by a Pennsylvania College professor would spark dispute between Rice and Fisher as to how much the Reserves helped the Third Brigade. Rice would write to the New York times in an article entitled, The Rebel Invasion of Pennsylvania. The Truth Regarding Some Important Historical Facts. And Colonel Fisher would subsequently write a rebuttal.
    In a later account the reserves would claim that when they arrived at Little Round Top, "The severe fighting at this point was over."1 Fisher would also state in the Round Top Debate in the National Tribune,
Mr. President Melcher undertakes to give a history of the taking of "Round Top" in the following style: First, he goes on to give a history of the gallantry of the 20th Me., which I shall not controvert, for the simple reason that I know nothing about it, not having arrived on the battleground until late in the afternoon, and of course do not know what feats of valor were performed by that organization, and hence have nothing to say.
It appears that the reserves made a small charge to the right of Little Round Top after seeing the enemy retreating before the 3rd Brigade. Fisher's regiment would come up behind the 20th Maine after the fight was over and fail to offer much assistance in taking Big Round Top. Fisher would however attempt to claim credit for taking the larger hill by saying he ordered Chamberlain to take the hill.

See Big Round Top for a comparison of accounts.