Newspaper Clippings - Quaker Road to Appomattox

Detail of image from OR atlas. Original can be viewed at: baylor.edu



These battles are not always given the same name, because of this it may be easier to keep the date in mind.
March 29 - Quaker Road (Lewis Farm)
March 30 - Rain no battle
March 31- White Oak Road
April 1 - Five Forks

The "slightly wounded" listing for Chamberlain after Quaker Road was due to one or two bullets that cut up his left arm and left side. See The History of the 198 Pennsylvania Regiment
    The capture of colors by Major Glenn of the 198th during the Battle of White Oak Road was described in The History of the 198 Pennsylvania Regiment page 41, it is described as being the flag of the 56th Virginia captured by Private Augustus Zieber.
    Pages 22 - 27 is another reproduction of the New York World article by Alfred Townsend. The original can be seen in: Quaker Road, White Oak Road and Five Forks
    Charles Highgate who is mentioned on page 27, is also seen in the Roster of the 185th Regiment N.Y.V. Page 10 lists him as wounded March 29th, 1965 died April 2, 1865. Highgate enlisted with the regiment September 3, 1864, he is listed as a private in company B.1 It is not clear why the author suggests that Highgate was not enlisted, it was perhaps assumed based on Highgate's African American ancestry. The story was passed on in several newspapers of the time. The original article that perhaps all others come from can be seen in the New York World
   Another paper states: "A negro servant (Charles Hygate by name) of an officer of the 185th N.Y. regiment, is among the many heroes of Friday's' fight. He deserves special mention, as his gallant conduct was voluntary. When the regiment went into acton he managed to get a musket, and took position in the front rank, and fought with a stout a heart and efficient results as the bravest. He would not give up the fighting until he had been wounded five times. His final wound cost him a leg."2
   Page 33 - 39 Are early newspaper accounts describing the surrender ceremony. The surrender was signed on April 9th, but the formal surrender ceremony would not take place until the 12th. Most reporters and generals left town with Grant and Lee, few people remained to see the paroles handed out or the low key surrender ceremony. The Boston Evening Transcript appears to be the first to report on it on June 5, 1865 stating,
Gen. Chamberlain, (formerly a Professor of Bowdoin College, Maine) a man of eminent attainments and valor, was designated by Gen. Grant to receive the surrender of the Generals of Lee's army at Appomattox Court House. This was done with the usual courtesies of war; but when General Wise's turn came, his old habit of talking came on - he could not give this sign of submission without protest; and among a flow of words he said, 'General Chamberlain, we are subjugated, but not subdued. Sir, we have here (striking his breast) hearts burning with undying hate. We hate you, Sir - I hate you!"
1Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York for the Year 1905. Vol 42 pg 602.
2A Black Boy Hero. reprinted from the Herald, Grand Rapids Eagle, April 11 1886, mp. 1, col. 2.