Title: The Battle of Gettysburg
Date: 1865
Author: Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Keywords: Joshua Chamberlain, Lawrence Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Gettysburg, Speech, oration
The Battle of Gettysburg

View from the summit of Little Round Top at 7:30 P.M. July 3rd, 1863 / Edwin Forbes. Image courtesy loc.gov

When Chamberlain says on page 3,
"Having no private Secretary in the field, my Reports were not made up with the accuracy of some other officers, and it happened that other troops who staid so far in the rear of the battle that they thought themselves in the front ranks, received much of the credit which belongs to the 20th Maine."
He is referring to their dispute with the Pennsylvania reserves, seen here: The Rebel Invasion of Pennsylvania: The Truth Regarding Some Important Historical Facts.
"The rebel tide rolled in in the majesty of its power but to recoil upon itself. Bullets hissed like spray. The lines were like resurgent seas - but the fiat went forth - thus far shalt thou come, but no further. Here shall thy proud waves be stayed."
    In this last line Chamberlain is quoting from Job 38:11 God speaking to the ocean, "Thus far shalt thou come, but no further. Here shall thy proud waves be stayed."

The NY Times June 20, 1892 states, "This statement that Gettysburg stands for "the high-watermark of the rebellion "is not historically true. Gen. Chamberlain of Maine, who first used it in a popular lecture."
It is commonly thought that John Bachelder coined the phrase. Did he perhaps get his idea from this speech?

For an account of the 20th Maine being welcomed home see: Newspaper Clippings 1865